History of Hungary

Brief Historical Review of  Hungary

 

Hungary is a Central European country and it is found between Slovakia, Ukraine, Romania, Croatia, Serbija, and Austria. It’s a plain land, and was inhabited 1.200 years ago by Magyars (sons of the land),a Finno-Ugric nation, racially a part of the Uralic/ Altaic race that reached Hungary from the Urals. Today in the Urals, the Ethnic relatives of the Hungarians Ostijaks and Bogguls are found. European relatives of the Hungarians are the Szekelys that live in the Carpathian basin and identify themselves as Hungarians, the Putsul tribe of Slovakia, which speaks Hungarian like dialect but identifies itself as Slovakian, the Finnish people and the nations of the Baltics.

During their migration, Magyars came into contact with Turanic nations that had effect on their language, as well a contact with the Nordic nations should be considered sure, since they used a similar Runic alphabet as the Nordmen. The language is a Turkish one, given the broader sense of it, but weirdly enough striking similarities exist with Hindy (ezer-hazar, Bihar) and Persian (Sarut) especially in names of places.

Runes/ click to enlarge Around the year 830 a.C. they are found in the shores of the Black Sea (something verified by the Greek Emperor Porfyrogennitos) and later on they inhabit Bessarabia where they elect their first King, Arpad. After their conflict with the Bulgarians though, they would inhabit Transdanubia, where they would establish their country: HVNGARIA. In 895 a.C. the Byzantine scholar Zakinthinos passes on to us that “Emperor Leon the 6th having troubles in the Arabic front he asked the help of Iugrians” .

At 900 they had already become the fear of Europe, raiding constantly everything, reaching South Italy and France, but also fighting to preserve their identity between the two other newcomers of Europe. The Goths (Germans) and the Slavs. As a result of this the Hungarians developed a high sense of patriotism and preserved their customs, even though we have to admit that almost every aspect of their lives has a very obvious German mark on it.

The first recognized King of Hungary, is king Geza that received the Byzantine Crown, that the Hungarians called “Corona Greca” while later on the  Pope would send another Crown to this country which would be known as “Corona Latina”. Hungarian goldsmiths then, forged these two crown into one, that is called “Sacra Corona”  and is depicted on the Coat of arms. There are several Byzantine Archeologists  that believe however –mainly Germans- that the “Corona Greca” is forged since the Byzantine Emperors, addressed as Emperors only the holders of the Persian throne and non other.

As a country Hungary reaches it’s most glorious point under the King Mathias (Mathiew) Korvin. During his rule Janos Hunyadi, a General will successfully defend the country against the Turkish invasions. He will destroy the Turkish army in the Battle of Belgrade. The impact was so great that the Pope himself gave an order for all the Catholic Churches to ring their bells at 12:00 to commemorate this victory. This custom still takes place. Also historical is an alliance with George Kastriotis (Skadenberg) and Count Vlad Tepes Dracula, under the Grace of the Pope to liberate Constantinople (Istanbul) from the Turks.

Before WW I After the death of Mathias Kiraly, the Turks, under the leadership of Suleiman occupy a big part of the country. The rest is becoming a part of the Habsburg Dynasty of Austria. The legal heir of the Hungarian throne is today a member of the Habsburg dynasty and one of the main contributors of the entrance of the country to the EU. The Austro Hungarian Empire would exist until the end of the first WW, whose loss would result for Hungary a national tragedy. Along with non-Hungarian places like Trieste, Belgrade etc. Hungary would lose a big part of it’s own ground, such us Erdelyi, Vajdasag, Kassa etc. The treaty most hated by all the real Hungarian patriots is the one of TRIANON at 1920.
During the 2nd WW Hungary fought alongside with the axis, under the leadership of the Admiral, Miklos Horthy, that was a mid-temper Hungarian nationalist. A fair solution would come then for the Carpathian region. Hungary would take the places where Hungarians lived and Romania would keep the rest. As the war turned however Horthy became unfaithful to the axis. This together with sheltering a lot of Jews from being sent to the concentration camps, caused his fall. A fully pro-German commander would take over. This commander was Szallasi.
He would replace the elected -anyway National Socialist- government with his own. The arrow/cross party was in command. It's headquarters were found at Andrassy Ut. 60 were later on the Stalinist torture rooms would base themselves. During the 2nd WW Hungary gave to the axis full support, attacked Russia on it’s own and provided enough men to form four (4) SS divisions that fought in the eastern front. Arrow Cross party. Hungarian National Socialists

After the war, absolute chaos prevailed. The communists took –as usual- advantage of it and established their own government. This regime was hated by the Hungarians and it wouldn’t be long until the revolution of 1956 would start. Initially the Patriots, the Democrats and the National Communists would win USSR but in the long run the Soviets defeated the revolution and drowned the country in blood.

After 1989, a parliament was formed again and Hungary entered the Capitalistic-Feudalist era. Now the Hungarian economy is so polarized that you think it is all owned by one person. It’s economy was based on animal production and industry, but a lot of factories have closed down and a lot of foreign investments as well as tourism has entered for good the Hungarian economy… oh! They also make the prison bars of Mauritius… Today's flag, with the coat of arms

They voted for entrance to the EU, with 56% yes and 44% no , so they will become a member at 2004, together with 9 more countries : Cyprus, Malta, Slovenia, Slovakia, Czech, Poland, Latvia, Estonia, Lithuania. For better or for worse. The Euro will replace the forint around 2009

  Arany Bika (Golden Bull)

FACTS OF HUNGARY:

Did you know that:  

-What is the Arany Bika? The " Golden Bull" is the first constitution of Hungary. The big Hotel down town is named after it and it commemorates the existence of a legitimate state. 

-The Hungarians do not swear their oath to their country, by swearing faith to their leaders, but to the Holly Crown? The King or the President himself is lower than the Crown, which is the symbol of acceptance of Hungary in the family of European nations.

 

-Did you notice all the Hunnish traditions in here? Hungarians appeared at 8th or 9th century while Attila invaded Europe at 550. According to the Byz. Archaeologist Charles Hoppf, the Huns later on where named Abars. Abars together with the Slavs, would attack Byzantium. Emperor Leon the 6th attacked them together with the Chazars – another Turkmen nation, similar to Bulgarians, that established a country at river Volga and converted massively to Judaism. They were destroyed by the Russians- and destroyed their country. The leftovers fled to trans Danubia where they found their ethnic relatives (Magyars) and passed all these traditions to them.

 

-According to the legend, there were two brothers, Magyar and Attila. Attila made Hunnia and Magyar established Magyarorszag. Hunnia was destroyed but Magyar’s country survived.

 

-The Hungarians believe, that their hunters (they were nomads) found Hungary because they were after a mythical bird called Turul bird. On their attempt to capture it they reached the Carpathians. This is the third Kingdom according to their mythology. In here King Arpad united all the ten tribes and forced the leaders to drink from a cup, into which everyone of them had put blood in. This is called Blood Contract: Verszerzodes.

 

debrecen.cjb.net