The New Debrecen Journal of Medicine

October 18, 2004; Issue 15

Dear Students

Two years have gone by and so the time has come to pass on the torch. FMSA 2003-2004 has finished its job, but the fire is still on. The torch was lit on April 2003 when the previous elections were held, and the opening event was the Beer Tent Festival. Since then, the members of the FMSA 2003-2004 tried to do their best for all the English program students. Our goal was to try and make our time in this foreign country a little bit more like home...

In addition, we tried to add another aspect to our lives besides studying: we organized parties, sport events, educational events and other activities; but more than this, the FMSA members represented you, the foreign student, in honor while working with the leaders of the university.

Today, for the last time, all the students should thank the FMSA members for their great work and achievements; and I would personally like to thank each one of them

for the help that they gave me during my term as the president of the FMSA.

Thank you: Nissim Nissimov, Sumon Rahman, Ophir Bar-On, Olav Ovaa, Karianne Jacobsen, Kristin Eygloardottir, Gisle Talmo, Kjell Ojvin Aarflot, Ludwig Odd Johnsen, Andreas Urdal.

My last task will be to inform the leaders of the university, via a detailed report, about various things which should be improved, changed or repaired. However, there are also things which should be preserved, like the assistance that some teachers provide to individual students, and to us, members of the FMSA.

Last, but not least, I wish the new FMSA members success in their important work with hope that they will keep the light of the torch on.

Yaron Raiter

5th year student, Former FMSA President


Merck Withdraws Vioxx

The known to everyone Merck & Co. is withdrawing one of its best selling drugs called Vioxx from the market. This is due to new clinical data, that show Vioxx increases the risk of heart attack (MI) and stroke. The data comes from a three-year study aimed at showing that Vioxx prevents recurrence of polyps in the colon and rectum. The trial was stopped after discovering the higher heart risk compared to patients taking dummy pills ("placebo"). This disaster for Merck comes amidst a very large economical crisis for the company since several drugs they produce (like Zocor) will loose their patent protection very soon.The results show an increase

of 25% in MI after a treatment of 18 months.

Vioxx's sales reached 2.5 billion U.S. Dollars in 2003. This year due to these concerns, sales fell down to 653 million USD. Merck claimed that it would be possible to continue selling this drug, with an appropriate inscription on the side, but the withdrawal will serve the interest of the patients and save the pride of the company. It is important to stress here, that Merck is the third biggest drug manufacturer in the world. More information can be seen in our previous issue (issue 14)

Russia Joins The Kyoto Protocol

Russia is one step away from joining the Kyoto Protocol. The Kyoto protocol, which bid several countries to decrease the amount of pollutants (CO and other Greenhouse gases) they produce, was rejected by countries like the United States, China and Russia. Now propably the final acceptance will come by, and Russia will decrease by one third the total pollution it produces. If this decision is finalized, the Kyoto Protocol will gain a lot in prestige, and pressure to the other "reactionary countries" will be increased.

President Putin gave reasons concerning environmental sensitivity, but political analysts

say it has to do more with a pay back to the E.U., concerning the support in the Natural Gas matters and the admission of Russia in W.T.O. (World Trade Organization). The decision is not definite yet and many politicians react against it, since this would weaken the Russian industry. The total Russian pollution increases, since the industry is recovering from the Post Soviet "Democratization" era, which caused the meltdown of the heavy factories.

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October 18, 2004; Issue 15

The New Debrecen Journal of Medicine

Thoughts and Writings of a Med-Student:

When we write this newspaper we have to make reviews of stuff we read elsewhere, in magazines and journals. These articles however interesting and useful for our future profession are of no real importance for us as personalities. Therefore I decided that it would be interesting, to talk about a reality in which we all find ourselves in, namely, becoming Medical Doctors. Integrating in a society of highly specialized professionals, a closed "cast" of the human society.

What is it like being a real doctor? Movies show them good looking, rich, knowledgeable, in other words a form of "spiritual elite" of the middle class… I see

gold medal" of our profession and I am sure that the plebian life style has a lot to do with it. Finally it has been proven, that extensive working hours lead to eventually worst levels of medical services, increased rates of malpractice and of course- increase the total costs and further deteriorate the already fragile balance of the worker… and its not only that!

Modern day doctors hide behind their ugly life style, which takes them away from real life and their friends and relatives. Just like any other highly specialized professional, they made an ideology of their job. It's no longer a mean of supporting your family,

nothing like that around me. My opinion is that a lot of doctors today, are not very different from 16th century shoemakers. They work all day out of the house and that is all they do! They know perfectly their profession and that is all they know! They care for the business and that is all they care for! They know nothing of anything


nor a way to be productive for your society. It is a sacred act, to which you swear an oath. The white lab coat of the doctor could easily be replaced with the black cowl of the clergyman. They pass their job from generation to generation, in a Levite fashion, as if they were the keepers of the Temple, and the "Templar knowledge" has to be kept pure and enhanced, everything besides that is useless and "heretic".

else, and in exchange for that they get a respectable life for them and their families. It wouldn't be an exaggeration to say that today's physicians are uneducated, in the broader sense. Our general knowledge reaches level "0" in most subjects, and our universities are not even bothered to teach it. Our schedules are so tight, we cannot even think of approaching it ourselves. The end result is a highly specialized production unit, much like a machine in a industrial unit. Very effective inside the factory but useless out of it.

The working environment is not too different from that of the medieval worker either. The triple *8* (8 hrs sleep, 8 hrs work, 8 hrs entertainment) of the French Revolution is actually a myth. Days can pass before a health professional can visit his own family, and there is no exaggeration in that. This can be the root of several side effects, like Burn-out Syndrome, fatigue, depression and addiction to chemicals. The fact that dr's are the first ranking drug addicts among

people with higher education, is a "bitter

Maybe, during older times this kind of behavior was fundamental for a society. It was needed for it to be stable, but now with all information being available from all sources, like newspapers, internet, cheap books etc, it is almost a sin to ignore it and keep with our lives in the Dark Ages. According to Hinduism, Ignorance is one of the four faults of our nature and I'm sure this is for a good reason!

Francois Vidocq, 2nd year student


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October 18, 2004; Issue 15

The New Debrecen Journal of Medicine

OneWorld Health

OneWorld Health

How does a non-profit drug company sound to you? If we consider that drugs are the second legal source of profit - after weapons - then it is quite strange.

Victoria Hale is a chief of a company whose mission is to vanquish diseases of the developing world. In 2000, disillusioned with the pharmaceutical industry, she launched America's first non-profit drug company. The following article is a summary of an interview first published in Yahoo!

An ex-FDA (the Food and Drug Administration) worker was amazed by the amount of people suffering from "orphan" diseases. These diseases affect very few in Western countries, but they are massive in the developing ones. Diseases like Malaria, which affect around a thousand US residents, distress more than 500 million people world wide. A PhD researcher in pharmacology decided that it was not fit for her to research on stuff like baldness or weight loss and tried to do something about it.

She traveled to places like India and Bangladesh, met with people that were already working on the subject but had no support, since mainstream drug companies were not interested. In her own words the aim of the company "is to identify undervalued chemicals or drugs that were created by academics or pharmaceutical companies but are not being developed, match them with very important diseases in the developing world, put them through clinical

trials, get regulatory approval, and distribute them to the people who need them".

It took OneWorld Health more than ten months to gain the "non-profit" status. The company however doesn't develop it's own drugs. It takes discoveries that are underused and provides them to people that might need them. Even though the task is quite hard, she seems very optimistic and according to her expectations it is just a matter of time until the company's drugs start to circulate. Right now OneWorld Health has the rights of over

200 under-developed drugs. They come from Universities, companies, but also individual researchers.

The number one disease the company is working on is Leishmaniasis and the proposed treatment is Paromomycin, which completes Phase III trials in India. The rights for this drug are coming from the WHO. Number two in the list is Chagas disease, that affects Latin America and the other two are Pediatric Diarrhea and Malaria. The importance of these diseases becomes evident if you think that Leishmaniasis, which kills 200,000 people a year, affects (in both cutaneous and systemic form) more than 13.5 million people. Chagas disease, that affects between 16-18 million people worldwide is the leading cause of heart failure in Americas. Finally, Pediatric Diarrhea kills approximately 2 million babies per year.

Companies ignore these diseases because "they make so many more discoveries than they can possibly use". The real problem is that they are very profitable. This however doesn't mean that the company doesn't have supporters. One of them is the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. It really seems that OneWorld Health is trying to make a change in the less developed parts of the world, and let's hope that the example it sets will find more followers.

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October 18, 2004; Issue 15

The New Debrecen Journal of Medicine

Exercise for good health 
Physical activity is essential for maintaining good health.
 But it can also do more harm than good.
For prehistoric hunters, daily physical activity was a prerequisite
 for survival. Activities such as hunting, tool making, butchering and other food 
preparation, preparing clothing, carrying firewood and water, and moving to 
Evidence indicates that physical inactivity leads to increased incidences of cardiovascular disease (heart disease, hypertension, stroke, intermittent
claudication, platelet adhesion and aggregation, metabolic diseases (type 2 diabetes, obesity, dyslipidemia, and gallstones), cancer (breast, colon, prostate, pancreatic, and melanoma, immune dysfunction, and neurological disorders (cognitive impairment, Alzheimer's disease, and dementia). Evidence also indicates that physical inactivity worsens asthma and accelerates bone loss. 
The effects of physical activity on mental health and psychological wellbeing are relevant. Regular physical activity seems to promote psychological wellbeing  that is, self esteem, mood, and self perceptions, such as body image and physical self worth  therefore improving health related quality of life. Physical activity also appears to improve reaction to stress, the quality and length of sleep, aspects of cognitive function (such as planning, short term memory, and decision making) and to reduce anxiety, symptoms of depression, and feelings of loneliness. 
Getting most people to adopt an active lifestyle may mean finding a compromise between a level of activity which is beneficial and one which is accessible. The most recent recommendations call for 30 minutes at a time of moderate intensity-for example, brisk walking-sessions of physical activity, in most or all days of the week.

Overdoing it
Just as the health benefits increase as we progress from active living to training for sport, so do the associated risks and harms, such as sports injuries and sudden cardiac arrest. Elite sport, which requires high training volumes, carries the greatest amount of risks and harms for the health in the physical activity spectrum.
The primary goal of an elite athlete's training is to improve performance and to peak at the right moment. They need to do relatively high amounts of intensive exercise to perform at their upper limit. But how much training is necessary to achieve peak performance? The answer is not straightforward. Researchers studied the effect of increasing the training volume on performance capacity in swimmers. Doubling the training volume did not lead to any increase in performance indexes.
new campsites all needed physical labor. Nowadays, as most modern societies have predominantly deskbound 
jobs, people spend about 40% of the caloric expenditure compared with the late stone agers.
Regular physical activity leads to numerous health improving effects. But just how much 
physical activity is necessary to achieve the benefits, and can exercising too much do harm?

Physical activity, exercise, and sport are not quite the same thing. 
Physical activity is an umbrella term meaning any bodily movement produced by skeletal muscles 
that results in 
expenditure of energy above the basal level (includes work and leisure). Examples include walking, 
cycling, housework, cleaning the house, and climbing the stairs. Exercise is a subcategory of physical 
activity that is planned, structured, repetitive and purposive in the 
sense that improvement of or maintenance of one or more components of physical fitness is the objective. Examples include brisk walking, aerobic dancing, and some active hobbies, such as gardening. Sport is physical activity in structured competitive situations governed by rules.

Benefits of physical activity
Because the human genome has not changed much for the past 10000 years, some researchers think that it has always been programmed for a physically active lifestyle.  The current levels of physical inactivity might alter the normal expression of 
genes and lead to an altered pattern of protein expression paving the way for the emergence of clinical disorders. 

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October 18, 2004; Issue 15

The New Debrecen Journal of Medicine

Others have demonstrated a curvilinear relationship between training load and cycling performance showing saturation characteristics. Yet another study showed a 5% decrease in performance during the period of the highest training load. These studies suggest that there is an optimal level of training, which is difficult to quantify. The relatively scarce data available suggests an inverted U shaped relationship between training volume and increase in performance: training at levels higher than the top of the curve can result in overtraining. The generally used training model is based on the idea that physical exercise disturbs the cellular homeostasis. Changes induced by exercise trigger physiological mechanisms that aim to put homeostasis back in place and induce training adaptations. More than 60% of distance runners experience the consequences of overtraining at least once during their career. Overtraining is an imbalance where too much training and competition is coupled with too little time for regeneration.

Overtraining can be divided in two phases: incomplete recovery or over-reaching, and overtraining syndrome, burnout, or staleness. Over-reaching may occur after some days of hard training, and is associated with muscle fatigue, possibly due to insufficient metabolic recovery and a decrease in the amount of energy rich phosphates. The transition from over-reaching to overtraining syndrome is
gradual. The overtraining syndrome probably occurs when there is an imbalance between stress and the athlete's ability to cope. (The hypothalamus provides the instructions the body needs to deal with 
every threat to the integrity of the organism. This is channelled through the endocrine system, the autonomic nervous system, and behaviour). Consequently, neuroendocrine dysfunction occurs as well as eventual changes in behaviour. The syndrome includes persistent poor performance, extreme fatigue, altered mood, emotional instability, decreased motivation, increased infections, and low libido.

Too little or too much physical activity can take its toll on our health. For most people, moderate regular physical activity and exercise helps to maintain physical and mental health. So, as the old phrase says: "virtue stands in the middle", here too, in physical activity, virtue is the moderate not the extreme position.

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October 18, 2004; Issue 15

The New Debrecen Journal of Medicine


Opening Of The Year Party

Sept. 17, 2004

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October 18, 2004; Issue 15

The New Debrecen Journal of Medicine

The Norwegian Baptism

Digital copying & laser printing!

All office services available!

Open every day 9:00-19:00

Question? Call: 06(20)4684226 or 06(30)4684226

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October 18, 2004; Issue 15

The New Debrecen Journal of Medicine

In this issue we are taking a small break from studying. Not all the websites shown are medical. They are, however, quite interesting, and make networking more useful and a little more fun! Medical sites, of

A portal, that deals with all the so-called "natural sciences". The articles presented here, however, are not in the usual hardcore scientific content. The approach is quite softened, in a way it is more entertaining than a reference. That's the reason it is very popular.

Wiki Pedia is an open source (written exclusively in Linux), free content encyclopedia, the absolute proof that anarchy can only exist virtually. The content is put by the visitors (therefore Wiki) and every mistake, advertisement, virus, etc is being controlled by the user after him. Mistakes in Wikipedia do not last for more than three minutes following these entropy rules, and several professors from the world's best institutions publish their works there as well (like MIT), in order to create a free accessible database.

An online resource page for general medicine. It is membership based, but it's all free. It contains more than 250 functions and activities that target physicians. It collaborates perfectly with Medline and it contains a lot of interesting news both for practicing doctors and students that are close to finishing.

course, are not missing, they are never going to... Enjoy your surfing!

Finally, let me invite you on our official website at:

In this all Hungarian website, you get free Internet service. The speed of the connection is the standard telephone one. It ranges from 36 to 56kbps. Problem: The website has only Hungarian interface, so you need a friend to translate for you...

The official website, of the American Medical Association. You can find a big archive there, out of which a big part is for free. It hosts two kinds of registrations, one with and the other with no fee. A good online library.

Now that P2P (peer to peer) is legal, we can advertise this. An open source program, that connects to the e-Donkey network and tries to replace the gap Kazaa Lite++ left in our hearts… By now E-mule is one of the biggest file sharing networks available.

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October 18, 2004; Issue 15

The New Debrecen Journal of Medicine


With this short column, we will try to present a part of life, invisible even through the most powerful electron microscope… art! Hungary has a rich tradition, so why not start from here?

Orosz Istvan, has been born in 1951 in Kecskemet, and studied in the University of Arts and Design in Budapest, where he specialized in etching. He has created hundreds of images, videos, posters (even political ones, during the regime change). His work has been exposed in the greatest contemporary exhibitions in Europe, America, even Japan and Israel.

Even though he uses traditional printing techniques, he uses "optical paradox" in the way that reflections and angles will show pictures, and images otherwise invisible to the eye.

He often uses the nickname "outis: Gr. No one" the nickname Ulysses used when he blinded Polyphem the Cyclop.

Olfactory Detection Of Human Cancer By Dogs

The dogs were always thought as the best friend of the man. From the beginning of human history they were with us and not once they helped to prevent different dangerous situations and even saved our lives. The idea that brought in this article shows another way our

Orosz's work "colombus"

canine friends can help us.

The hypothesis that dogs may be able to detect malignant tumors on the basis of odour was first put forward in 1989. It was based on a consultation with a woman who claimed to have sought medical help as a direct result of her dog's inordinate interest in a skin lesion, which proved to be a malignant melanoma. Since then similar claims of detection of skin cancer, and of malignances of internal organs such as breast and lung , have appeared in the press.

Although, these anecdotal events remain unsupported by an experimental evidence, the concept that dogs can "smell" cancer is not unreasonable. Tumors produce volatile organic compounds, which are released into the atmosphere through, for example,

breath and sweat. Some of these volatile organic compounds are likely to have a distinctive odours: even when present in minute quantities, they could be detectable by dogs, with their exceptionally olfactory acuity.

In the study that was conducted human bladder cancer was chosen as an experimental

Model on the basis that tumor related volatile organic compounds are released into urine, which can be collected and presented to dogs. The aim was to train dogs to recognize an odour characteristic to bladder cancer but distinct from those associated with secondary effects of the tumor, such as bleeding, inflammation, infection and necrosis. The dogs abilities to detect bladder cancer were assessed once trained, by comparison of their success rate with that expected by chance alone, in choosing one cancer urine placed randomly among six controls in blinded experiments.

During training , the dogs were exposed to urine from patients presenting with a broad range of transitional carcinomas , in terms of grade and stage, as it thought this would increase their likelihood of recognizing the common factor or factors, particular care was taken to train the dogs with control samples containing elements likely to be present in urine from patients with bladder cancer but also commonly occurring in the non malignant pathologies. In this way the dogs could be taught to ignore non cancer specific odours.

The conductors of the study achieved the successful detection of the urine samples from patients with bladder cancer 41% of the time ( rather than 14% expected by chance alone), providing convincing evidence that dogs do indeed have this ability. This allowed to assess possible confounding of specific cancer signature with other features of bladder cancer urine, but exactly what the chemical composition of the cancer odour signature still remains on the level of speculations only.

Michael Osherov

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October 18, 2004; Issue 15

The New Debrecen Journal of Medicine

Stereotypes Or Inner Qualities?

Some thoughts about „Tips from the Elders" in Issue 14.

and it reflects the other way of thinking.

Until the Change of Regime Russian was the obligatory language at schools and because of the resistance against the Regime it was especially ineffective. It follows that the vast majority of the adult generation does not know English and any foreign languages. It is in our country where the foreign language knowledge possesses the lowest rate among the new EU-members.

Today's pupils have also difficulties in learning other languages on behalf of the structural differences mentioned above. Those who do not intent to study post-graduate are not motivated to foreign language learning. Obtaining a university degree, the hungarian students have to have a First Certificate level of any foreign language. So you can have more hope towards students that they can speak English- but in the daily life you should really know some sentences.

I was glad in reading that the author of the article emphasised the opennes to the cultures of other nations. It is really important to respect the other human being, the readiness to learn from one another, and to be void of prejudice.

I do not know where the incident took place which was published in the last paragraph: „incident of violence between

local Hungarians and foreign students". It

would have been important to mention the place too, since if it happened in front of or in a night club it is more understandable. I had fear of the too negative impression it can impose on new students, as if xenophobia were more wide-spread than it really is. It can occur often indeed that people stare at you if your appearace differs from the usual Hungarian type, but it does not necessarily imply aversion.

The Hungarians are well-known as a hospitable and friendly people. Of course, such statement reflect only tendencies. There are people in every nation who are morally on a lower level, they live only for „today" and look for pleasures. There are people in every country who are good examples in serving for others. Yet there are also such ones who are hooligans, destroy public possession and do not respect others.

Real separation among human beings come about in fact not primarily because of cultural differences but because of the view on the aim of life and behavioural norms.

I would like propose to organize gatherings where significant questions of life can be discussed, for instance:„What makes us happy?" (efficiency at studies? success in your profession? - entertainment? possession of material goods?) „According to what values do you pursue your life?" It would be possible to invite all sorts of English speaking students (as well as locals).

If you have any ideas to it, please write to me:

„Is it not the reason for our lack of joy that we are too superficial?" (Éva Ancsel, Hungarian philosopher with a Jewish origin)

Sarolta Szõke

I am Hungarian, young teacher and I took notice of your paper by chance in the main building. You encourage the students to learn Hungarian. It is really difficult since it has another structure than the Indo-European languages



Fifth Year is almost half way through and as we all know, next year we will start spreading around the globe, trying to find our path. That is why we decided to start making next class's yearbook now. If you have group pictures from the earlier years, please contact your group representative, the newspaper, or Yaron Raiter. You can use the E-mail address of the newspaper:

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October 18, 2004; Issue 15

The New Debrecen Journal of Medicine

On September 14 was the graduation ceremony of yet another class. With it some of our good friends are finishing.

In the picture both English (TOK) and Hungarian (AOK) students are posing.

It was nice having you around, best of luck as real doctors (and not medical students)!

Your future colleagues!

The Norwegian Baptism 2004

What do you get when you mix a bunch of norwegians, swedes and icelandic students and a whole lot of alcohol? The party of the year of course!

At first I was a bit scared about the outcome of this years baptism. As I was sitting at TB studying during the august exam period, I saw a lot of new faces there. I believe this is the first time noted in history that new students were coming to TB before the actual school year started. And even worse they showed up at TB studying!?! The worst was when I came to TB one Saturday morning at nine, only to discover that there were new 1st year students already present. I was already fearing the worst for our beloved party…

But I am glad to say that I worried for no reason. This years baptism started as usual at El Tornado, where more and more people showed up. The new students were divided into groups and set off on their race around Debrecen with a starting Tequila shot.

And then the race for the most bonus points was in motion, taking the new students to some of the lovely places this wonderful city has to offer. One of the posts was set up outside the restaurant at the Corpus fitness center. Being near a restaurant it only seems fair that this post should present some finesses from the medical kitchen. Cooked heart, liver, lung, brain, fat, penis, testis, yeah you name it! I just hope the student who swallowed the two raw whole testis that was only there as a sample to look at doesn't get any permanent defects, both physical and psychological! I know it wasn't a pretty sight watching him trying to throw them back up while the crowd was cheering him on. Oddly enough, the more drunk people got, the better the "food" tasted.

Another post was our beloved Kossuth University, where beer-fishing in the fountain and making the longest chain of clothes was quite an attraction! Also here, thanks to alcohol, more and more clothes were thrown off these beautiful bodies leaving almost nothing to the imagination. Well, some students even skipped over the whole imagination thing and

of beer with a floating apple was a part of tonights entertainment with a record of 3 seconds to get the apple out with only the mouth as a tool. What I noticed is that they had to fill the bucket up with more and more beer as the groups came and went. If it was me with my head in the bucket, I would make sure to spend more than 3 seconds in there drinking up the beer before I would consider removing the apple. But I guess that's just me. The peak of the post must have been when one of the cute new girls managed to drop one of the raw eggs she was supposed to drink on the ground. You should have been there to capture the light in the eyes of one of her companions when he suggested that he should get some bonus points for licking up the raw egg from the ground.

Other events of the evening was blind-pool at club imperial, beer drinking contests at Ibolya bar. And back at El Tornado our lovely girls were painting the contestants and feeding them tasteful and colourful drinks through a hose! I bet you there are not many places at your homes that would allow this! This is what happens when we've been building up our rumour as raging alcoholics at El Tornado for o-so-many years now!

The night grew longer and all the groups returned to El Tornado as winners! More drunk and happier than ever. Back at a bar, only a couple of feet away from a bar with vast resources of drinks. It didn't take long before the dark robed figures arose in the crowd, with the students in front of them; they made them kneel one at a time. With the blood (read: Unicum) given to them they were taken in as full members of our great society.

And as they rose up, you could sense that they had changed. Standing with their shoulders straight and their heads lifted you could see that they felt stronger than before, as if they could meet any challenge and still come out as victors. That's if they remember what happened that night…

I hope that everybody who met up at the party had a great time, from the amount of people that showed up and by the

took all their clothes off, too bad I wasn't there at that time to catch it on camera! There was also some tasteful waxing of inner thighs and testis as the night grew on.

In front of the yellow church on Piac utca, there was of course more drinking and fun! A bucket

amount of alcohol that disappeared from the shelves at El Tornado I find it hard to think otherwise.

Trond Oliversen

PS: More pictures on pages 5 and 6.

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October 18, 2004; Issue 15

The New Debrecen Journal of Medicine

Word Of The New FMSA President

Dear Friends,

FMSA has successfully completed another year of service to the student community. As the new president of this academic term, I take the opportunity to introduce myself and my board through this message.

I have taken up the position as the president with the determination to do the best of my ability, all which is required of me. The members of the board of the FMSA were chosen from various years and ethnic backgrounds only to represent experience, talent and efficiency.

My efforts in the future will be directed to uplift of the quality of our study at this university and to minimize any kind of problems that we as students face. It goes without saying, that all that FMSA aspires cannot be accomplished unless we have your thoughtful support, encouragement, and recommendations. Hence, I earnestly ask for your continuing support and co-operation in carrying out all tasks of FMSA which aim in your best interest.

The board members and I also take the privilege to remind you that any issue that you face is of deep and vital importance to FMSA. In conclusion, I ask a determined effort on your part to do your share towards cementing the union. Lastly, my team and I wish good luck to each and every one of you.

Thank you,

Ramzi Azbarga

The FMSA board

President: Mr. Azbarga Ramzi

Vice president and head of educational affairs: Mr. Ziv Bekerman

Head of social affairs: Ms. Bjorg Olafsdottir

Senior advisor: Mr. Sumon Rahman Showdury

Treasurer: Mr. Chubaka Rubahsa

General Manager: Mr. Jacob Skalleberg

Chairman: Mr. Abdulla Mohammad

Chief public relation: Ms. Dana Polydoropoulos

Secretary: Ms. Bita Gharib

Journal of Medicine correspondent: Mr. Kleonikos Tsakiris

This journal is made by: Ophir Bar-On (6th year) Kleonikos Tsakiris (5th year)

Orjan Waldenstrom (4th year)

Send articles and feedback to:

Due to the changes in the FMSA board, there are no quizes in this issue. The Quiz Page however, is going to come back from next issue. Wait and see...